Image from page 20 of “American spiders and their spinningwork. A natural history of the orbweaving spiders of the United States, with special regard to their industry and habits” (1889)
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Title: American spiders and their spinningwork. A natural history of the orbweaving spiders of the United States, with special regard to their industry and habits
Year: 1889 (1880s)
Authors: McCook, Henry C. (Henry Christopher), 1837-1911
Subjects: Spiders — United States
Publisher: [Philadelphia] author, Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia
Contributing Library: MBLWHOI Library
Digitizing Sponsor: MBLWHOI Library
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Text Appearing Before Image:
(d-pdyy-q), arachne. The Eng-lish name is doubtless derived from the same function which led the un-happy Arachne upon her doom.i Spider is a corruption of spinder, thespinning one. The word survives in a different form in the term spinster,by which the virgin mistress of the distaff wascommonly known in the days of our grand-sires. There is therefore a popular and phil-ological as well as natural fitness in the gen-eral classification of the order Aranese whichwe adopt after Thorell,^ who in turn hassubstantially followed the arrangement of La-treille.3 This classification is based upon the webmaking characteristics of tlie various groupsand is as follows: The order may bedivided into two principal groups,the Sedentary spiders and the Wan-dering spiders. ^ The former groupincludes those whose habit it is to remain, forthe most part, upon or within their webs and take their prey by means ofsnares. The second group includes those which stalk or pursue their prey GeneralClassifi-cation.
Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. 1. An Orbweaver, Epeira gemma. See Ovids ISIetamorphoses, Chap. vi. The story is told in the first 150 hnes. 2 On European Spiders, by T. Thorell. Nova Acta Reg. Soc. Scientarium Upsaliensis.Upsala, 1869. 3 Latreille: In Cuviers Le Regne Animal, edition 1817, Paris. Sedentaires (Sedentary),page 79 ; Vagabondes (Wandering), page 95 ; Territeles, page 79; Tubit^les, page 81; Inequi-teles (Retitelarife), page 84; Orbiteles, page 80; Laterigrades, page 91; Citigrades, page 95;Saltigrades, page 98. (15) IG AMERICAN SPIDEKS AND TIIEIK SPINNING WORK. afield, upon the ground, water, or trees, and as a rule have no fixed domi-cile, except at the brooding time and during winter. These principal groupsare subdivided into seven secondary groups, sections or suborders.Seden- p],,. f^^^^y ^.^ijeg comprising the Sedentary spiders are named .strictly ^ from the cliief characteristics of their spinningwork, viz.: the Orbi- Group. Lb telarite, from their orb shaped web; the Retitelaria, from their
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